The authors of this paper has brought together one of the most interesting and unsolved problems of archaeology of pre-Columbian America – the determination of the time and place of the appearance of pottery in the South American continent. According to the bold hypothesis, pottery first appeared on the coast of Ecuador in the early agricultural culture of Valdivia about 5 thousand years ago, and this event was associated with transoceanic sailing media culture of the Jomon Japanese archipelago. Most archaeologists believe that the origins of valdivielso pottery should be sought in the continent
Search of early cultures on the coast of Ecuador are associated with the name of the Amateur archeologist and businessman E. Estrada Icaza and a couple of American archaeologists meggers B., and K. Evans of the Smithsonian Institute. A momentous event happened in 1956 when archaeological expedition discovered in the small fishing village of Valdivia multilayer archaeological monument of the unknown pottery. The age of the Valdivia culture, defined by radiocarbon Dating, was 4.5—4.0 thousand that gave reason to believe that we are talking about the oldest pottery not only in Ecuador but throughout South America. Based on the characteristic features Valdivieso ceramics,Estrada was nominated unexpected version that caused a lot of fierce dispute: origins unknown Ecuadorian culture – the Japanese archipelago, the Jomon culture! Continue reading
Archaeologists led by Arturo Gonzalez (Arturo González), the Director of the desert Museum in Saltillo (Museo del Desierto), Mexico, is lifted from the bottom of the Caribbean sea the skeleton women ages 13 600 years, reports National Geographic. This finding, dubbed the “eve of Naharon” (Eva de Naharon), was first discovered four years ago in a deep cave near the coast of Cancun (Cancún). Together with it there were skulls and bones of three people who lived on the territory of modern Mexico long before the first settlements in Egypt.
“We don’t know where they came from these people: whether they arrived from the depths of the continent, from the jungles, or sailed from the Atlantic”, – said the head of research. “But we believe that these findings – the oldest in the Americas. They will certainly change our understanding of how migrated ancient people”.
According to the generally accepted version, the colonization of the American continents occurred 11-14 thousand years ago, when the ice of the Bering Strait to North America came the tribes from Siberia. However “eve of Naharon” might disprove this theory, because its age exceeds the age of the remains found in Asia and North America at the time of the proposed resettlement. In addition, the shape of the skulls found, according to archaeologists,closer to Asian than North Asian type. Continue reading
A group of American archaeologists found at the bottom of the Caribbean off the North coast of Haiti the wreckage, presumably of the ship “Santa Maria”, which Christopher Columbus discovered America.
“All the geographical, underwater topography and archaeological evidence give good reason to assume that this is the wreckage of the flagship Columbus – “Santa Maria,” said the head of the group, an American researcher Barry Clifford (Clifford Barry).
Such conclusions the group of archaeologists made after a recent expedition to the Caribbean, which was held in conjunction with the government of Haiti. Scientists using divers, magnetometers and sonar equipment thoroughly inspected the bottom.
See also Israeli archaeologists have discovered the ruins of the Palace of the biblical king David In 2003, the same group of researchers conducted a Photographic study of the area. In addition, Clifford has studied more than 400 sea anomaly and the diary of Columbus, which enabled to determine an approximate location of the wreckage and significantly narrow the search area. Scientists also sopostavlenie the ship’s appearance, in particular, guns on Board, with Photos. Continue reading