On a dig in Ecuador, archaeologists have found traces of cultures older than 5.5 thousand years. The work was carried out on the territory of the historical monument Rial Alta expedition, which included scientists from academic institutes in Moscow and Novosibirsk and the far Eastern Federal University (FEFU).
According to the press service of the far Eastern Federal University, scientists have discovered traces of one of the most ancient South American cultures “Valdivia” — age of 5.5 to 4 thousand years and even earlier cultures of South America from the period of “San Pedro”.
Scientists have found many artifacts, among them the remains of pottery and tools, shells of shellfish and animal bones and clay figurines, which, presumably, represented the spirits of ancestors and sahraniville together with the deceased. Managed to find two burials, which suggests that the scientists stumbled upon an ancient burial ground.
In the study, the researchers aim to establish a link between the ways of human adaptation to environmental changes in different parts of the globe, namely on the coast of South America and in Primorye. “We see that approximately at the same time people invented pottery, although in the far East it was used for a comprehensive ekspluatatsionnika resources, and in South America — largely for the cultivation of maize (corn)”, — said the Director of Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov. Continue reading
The method of disposal men could indicate that he was a man with a different sexual orientation or a transvestite.
Scientists have found the remains of ancient man, which can belong to one of the first representatives of non-traditional sexual orientation, writes the Daily mail.
Such thoughts prompted scientists unusual for men of the stone age method of burial. Excavations were conducted in the Czech Republic and date back to the age of about 5 thousand years.
The skeleton of a man who lived in the late stone age refers to the period between 2900 and 2500 years BC, the Experts note that during this period men were traditionally buried on their right side head towards the West, women, on the contrary – on the left side, facing East.
Besides men, as a rule, were buried with weapons and hammers, and with a certain amount of food and water needed during the transition to the other world. In the grave of women usually put necklaces, Pets, copper earrings, and various household utensils.
In this case, the person was buried in an uncharacteristic left side, facing West face. Experts also alarming and the fact that the remains were found suicidecommando home pitchers, but not a weapon. However, archaeologists did not think it could be a mistake, given the importance, inherent in the burial at that period. In addition, the legs of the skeleton were found typical for female graves with oval jugs. Continue reading
Allsky burial ground was opened in 2013 by archaeologist V. N. Karmanov. This find is dated V-VI centuries BC — the time from Siberia, through the Urals still came waves of Great migration of peoples. In the first two graves initially studied by archaeologists, were found the remains of a young man of 16 years and a man who was about 60 at that time he was a real man. Despite the fact that one of these burials were partially destroyed in ancient times, scientists have discovered things here — an iron knife, a bronze buckle for shoes, etc. This gave an opportunity to attribute the burial to karinskoe archaeological culture. This culture archaeologists refer to V-VI centuries ad Burial was made in the mounds, which are up to thirteen bodies. Mounds garinskoe culture is always rich items, though — or perhaps for this reason — these tombs are often robbed and robbed until now. In the grave was laid, not only swords, daggers, spears, beads from stekli amber and more.
These findings can be seen how heterogeneous were mixed and then the population of the Urals. In carinskih mounds are found Persian coins and weapons of Sarmatian warriors.
Allsky excavating the burial site, archaeologists also found graves — the exact number of graves yet to be determined, as they were badly damaged, and things are mixed.
So far it is clear that found a precious material — ceramics, the remains of silver and bronze ornaments, fragments of clothes. In one of the burials lay three men in leather shoes with bronze buckles. Belt were leather pouches with jewelry and knives of iron in bronze scabbard – obviously, they were ritual objects that were to go with deceased to the afterlife. In another burial, the burial place of a woman in a fur hat and fur bag, Continue reading