Historical and archaeological Museum of the state budgetary institution of the Republic of Kazakhstan
The history of the Kerch Museum of antiquities began with the personal collection of the Field of Dobruca (1774 – 1835) — the founder of the Kerch archaeological, founded in 1810, 2 (14 new style), June 1826, the Museum was officially established and was located in the house of P. Dubrock until 1833. The first Director of the Museum was I. P. Blaramberh. Since the creation of the Kerch Museum of antiquities the main direction of his activity was the study and preservation of ancient monuments, was found at Kerch and Taman peninsulas, i.e. on the territory of the ancient Bosporus Kingdom. Significant to the development of archaeological work in Kerch contributed to the rich excavations of the Kul-Oba in the fall of 1830. Some time the Museum was located in the premises of the city guardhouse, and in 1835 on the mount mithridat was built the Museum building in the style of the Athenian temple of hephaestion. With the arrival in 1853 to the post of Director of the Museum Alexander lyutsenko was the beginning of a scientific approach to excavations.
One of the most productive periods of the Museum’s activity was the period from 1891 to 1918 Director of the K. E. Dumberg first conducted a systematic excavation of the ancient settlement Panticapaeum. His successor V. V. Shkorpil, a well-known epigraphist and an archaeologist, had excavated the subterranean necropolises and burial mounds; there were organized visits. At the end of 1920 the Museum received its present title and significantly expanded exhibition space, collectibile significantly augmented. Due to the increase in funds, has prepared a petition to the Museum of the mansion, previously owned by former tobacco factory owner K. I. Masakado, located on Sverdlova St., 22. In 1922 the building was donated to the Museum. Came back and the building is on a grief Mitridat. In 1926 in the 100-year anniversary of the Kerch Museum there was arranged an exhibition of drawings of antiquities made by Damien V. Sinewy. The Museum was first established art gallery.
In the second half of 1930-ies were identified in the long term development of the Museum. Now the attention of staff and researchers should be directed not only on archaeology but also other disciplines – history, Ethnography, Ethnography. The implementation of the ambitious plans were prevented by the great Patriotic war.
Since 1944, the managers faced the task of post-war reconstruction of the Museum: cleaned archaeological sites, exhibitions have been organized, created new exhibition, released a guide to the Museum. Unfortunately, the old Museum building on mount Mithridates was badly damaged during the war and in the late 1950s, was completely demolished.
In these days mansion Masakali continues to be a Historical and archaeological Museum. In seven halls the visitors acquainted with the history of the Eastern Crimea from the Paleolithic to the middle ages. Here you can see the first artifacts of the Paleolithic, Neolithic flint knife in horn handle, metal tools of the bronze age, menhirs. Early iron age is represented by finds from Kurgan Kizil-Koba culture and two full archaeological complexes from Trehprudnyj mounds.
Ionic and attic painted pottery, artistic objects made of bone, wood, glass and metal, and outstanding epigraphic monuments, local Handicrafts acquaint the public with the ancient culture of the Bosporan Kingdom in the VI century BC to IV century ad Medieval monuments show colorful palette of life of different peoples of the Peninsula of Taurida. In three exhibition halls on the history of archaeology, marking the 70th anniversary of the Bosporan expedition of the Pushkin Museum, which introduces visitors with new discoveries of archaeologists and the contributions of scientists in the development of Russian history.