“Black archeologists” discovered the tomb of Carian king
According to reports, Turkish police managed to arrest several of “black archeologists”, which for 7 months had been illegally excavated near the ancient city of Milas.
As a result of the RAID it was discovered unknown burial Carian king Hematoma (391 — 377 BC), who was the father of king Mausolus is in fact independent of the Achaemenid ruler (Satrap and king) in Caria 377-353 BC
Mauzoleus has taken part in the revolt of the satraps of Asia Minor against Artaxerxes II, but time out of combat to avoid defeat. Moved the capital of ancient Caria from mylasa to coastal Halicarnassus, thus underlining its intention to extend the holdings by the nearby Greek Islands. He was able to subdue the part of Lycia and some of the Greek city of Ionia. With the aim to spread its influence on Rhodes and KOs, he supported the islanders to the Allied war with Athens.
His sister and wife Artemisia III has appointed a reward for the best writing an Eulogy in honor of Mausolus. In composing this epitaph was attended Nawrat, Isocrates, and Theopompus Detect;won last. The same Artemisia was built in honor of her husband, in Halicarnassus, the magnificent Masala, tombstone, listed among the wonders of the ancient world.
In the modern world the name of Mausolus most often remembered in connection with the concept of “mausoleum”: thanks to its celebrity, the mausoleum of Halicarnassus has acquired the status of household name.
Recall that Karya (GK. Καρία) is a historical region on the South-Western coast of Asia Minor, where dwelt the nation of the Carians.
In the middle of the 2nd Millennium BC Karya chose the dwellings of the tribes of the Hittites, mixed with the local inhabitants, and by the time of the Trojan war (XII century BC) the nation of the Carians already existed. With the beginning of Greek colonization towards the end of the 2nd Millennium BC on the coast of Caria appear Greek city, Greek culture and language gradually began to enter in among the Carians, displacing Carian language disuse by the beginning of our era. In the 540-ies BC Karia, where local tribes have failed to unite into a single state, were ruled by the Persian Empire. After the campaign of Alexander the great the territory Kariya has lost a clear boundary, and the people of the Carians lost their ethnographic identity. Currently land Kariya are a part of the Turkish administrative province of Mugla (Muğla).