Archaeologists of the University found in Ecuador, traces of a culture older than 5.5 thousand years
Archaeological expedition of the far Eastern Federal University returned from the coast of Ecuador with a number of unique finds South American culture “Valdivia” age 5.5 to 4 thousand years and earlier period the “San Pedro”. A comprehensive study of the historical monument at real Alto in the framework of the international grant of the Scientific Fund of the FEFU, a group of scientists leads the third year. The main goal is to compare the human adaptation to changes in the environment on opposite sides of the Pacific ocean — the coast of South America and of modern Primorye.
The expedition included staff Training and research Museum and School of Humanities FEFU, as well as scientists of the far Eastern branch of Russian Academy of Sciences and their colleagues from academic institutions in Moscow and Novosibirsk archeologists, historians, specialists in ancient civilizations, paleontology, Geophysics. The expedition was headed by the Director of Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov. He said that as a result of over excavation on the Peninsula of Santa Elena were found the earliest layers of culture “Valdivia” age 5.5 to 4 thousand years. This culture of the American continent and became the object of attention of Russian scientists who carried out a comparative analysis with simultaneous baymanskaya culture of the Pacific coast of Russia.
With this study we aim to establish a link between the ways of human adaptation to environmental changes in different parts of the globe. We see that approximately at the same time people invented ceramics — despite the fact that in the far East it was used for a comprehensive exploitation of marine resources, and in South America — largely for the cultivation of maize (corn) — said Alexander Popov.
In addition, archaeologists of the University were found the materials of the earlier culture of South America — period, “San Pedro”, so that, after a study out of field limits, they will be able to refer to the origins of the emergence of pottery on the Pacific coast.
Excavation in Ecuador brought the archaeologists a lot of artifacts in addition to pottery shards, items, weapons, utensils, remnants of food — shellfish and animal bones — they also found traditional clay figurines, which, presumably, represented the spirits of ancestors were buried together with the deceased. By the way, scientists FEFU were found two burials — the distance between them indicates that there were not a single burial, but a burial ground.
As the Director of the Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov, now the scientists will explore and analyze during the expedition materials and information. In this coastal archaeologists are ready to help colleagues from all over the world, as such a project has the potential to bring new important knowledge in archaeological science, and history. Thus, genetic analysis of the artifacts already offered to host researchers from Japan’s cooperation with Educational and scientific Museum of FEFU.
Recall, an archaeological monument, situated on the Peninsula of Santa Elena, near the city of manta sister city of Vladivostok was discovered Ecuadorian scientists. The University initiated the renewal of work on it as part of the agreement with the Polytechnic University of Ecuador. The project was supported by the Scientific Fund of FEFU in the form of a three-year grant. The first year for the scientists of the two countries has become a study — they studied literature and earlier studies on similar issues. In 2014, the project entered its practical phase — Maritime archaeologists and representatives of the Polytechnic University of Ecuador began field work at real Alto, and on Russian island, where he was found shell-bearing pile, coincident in age with the monument in Ecuador.
Result of large-scale scientific work will be defining the strategy of human adaptation to environmental changes in different parts of the globe. It should be noted that the phenomenon of South American civilization have been studied previously, the coastal shores are also studied by scientists, but such a comparative analysis is performed for the first time.