A fascinating tour to the ancient Ostia (Ostia Antica)
Did you know that near Rome is one of the oldest, most famous and best-preserved settlements of the Roman Empire? In the heart of a beautiful Park, near mouth (lat. the ostium) of the Tiber river, are the excavations of this city – Ostia (see map ). Offer a new exclusive trip for those history buffs of ancient Rome who want to visit the suburbs of the eternal city and go to the sea.
To understand how the town appeared, we must turn to the legends of antiquity. It is believed that the basis of his dated from V – IV centuries BC during the reign of king Anka Marcius was founded here the first Roman colony. The circumstances of settlement rather intriguing and instructive. The place of its occurrence is not surprising, because it is near the mouth of the river Tiber in those days were in the salt mines, and the road to it was called Salt ( via Salaria).
With its unique location, its importance grew and with time there appeared a large trading port, which provided all commercial activities of Rome.
Ostia had become a flourishing and rich city. Majestic temples and well maintained cobbled roads, warehouses and offices, residential blocks of apartment buildings and wealthy private houses,restaurants and bars, public baths (Thermae) and a sports hall, a beautiful theatre and forum, the barracks of firemen and guards, bakeries and laundries – all of this was in ancient Ostia. We will be able to see them and to appreciate the high standard of living of those years.
When the entire Empire was hit by the crisis, for the inhabitants of Ostia have a rough time. During the fall of the Empire, the town was plundered by the Goths, the Huns and later of the Saracens. The port began to salivate beautiful and the town was deserted. He, like many monuments and cities of ancient times, turned into a stone quarry. But the story does not end it.
In the middle ages and the Renaissance chaotic excavations in Ostia attracted architects and antique dealers, art lovers and travelers. All of them were different and not always noble purposes.
In the first half of the twentieth century in Ostia began a systematic, serious archaeological excavations are “returned to life” the ancient streets and deserted neighborhoods. The ancient city of Ostia today is very popular among tourists.
Bright Sunny day in the shade of the exotic Mediterranean pine trees there mirages of the ancient city. With noise and hubbub on the streets, sparring with the carriers and grinding wheels, with the luxury of its houses and rigor of the temples, with the sound of music in the theatre, with a splash of water in the baths and the fountains. Want to verify this?