Archaeological monuments: the remains of ancient settlements
The antiquity of the city is designated artifacts found at archaeological sites. Traces of ancient settlements, the so-called settlements, can coexist with urban buildings and to the uninitiated to be only a bunch of clay, but it is necessary to dig (literally) deeper and you can hear the “voice” of the millennial history. In Tashkent there are a lot of archaeological monuments of Tashkent, but we can highlight three: Aktepa, Ming Urik and Shashtepa.
The aktepa Yunus-Abad (“AK-Tepe” in Turkish means “white hill”). Today it is the largest archaeological site. Archeologists headed by doctor of historical Sciences V. A. Shishkin carried out excavations in this territory in 1948. Then there were found coins of Chach and foundations of ancient buildings. The aktepa is the highest point in the Yunus-Abad district of Tashkent, Yunus-Abad, in turn, is the highest area of the city. If you climb the hill Aktepa, here you can see the whole Tashkent at a glance. But few people know that this hill is the remains of the watchtower of the fortress, built in the V century BC which was guarded by the Tashkent from enemy attacks from the North from V to VIII century.
As it turned out as a result of archeologichericognizioni, it also once housed the most ancient Zoroastrian temple. Many scientists seriously believe that Zoroastrianism originated in this land, and the first mention in written sources about Tashkent (then he was called Chach) are found in the Avesta – the sacred book of Zoroastrianism. In Russian this area in the twentieth century was called, Basmach-mount, but now it has the former name.
Ming Urik – the archaeological monument of Tashkent, which is located almost in the heart of the city. Settlement in ancient times occupied about 43 acres, but urban development destroyed most of this area, and in our time has survived only a small hill with a height of 16 meters. The first excavations were conducted in the nineteenth century, archaeology did not have such technology, so many facts were lost.
Earlier archaeologists have already discovered the Palace of the kings of Tashkent, decorated with frescoes. In 2008, archaeologists conducted research again, and found the remains of more ancient buildings – the temple of fire, the age of about 2200 years, which allowed to assert that the age of the city exceeds previously installed at least two hundred years.
After excavations, the authorities decided to preserve the remains of the city. What the hill with the remains of the ancient settlement was surrounded by a wall of mud brick, and the top was erected a canopy to protect from rain. Read more about Ming Urik
Shashtepa is the settlement in the southern part of Tashkent, where in ancient times was a fortress that guarded the city from attacks from the South. Now there remained only elevated part of the citadel, about twelve feet high. Here you can also see the remains of the fire temple. But most of the settlement is occupied by modern buildings. Learn more about Shashtepa
Kanka – the ancient settlement, located 70 km from the modern city of Tashkent in the Akhangaran valley. Kanka was the first capital of the state Kangyuy, mentioned by the Chinese sources of the II century BC. The Tashkent oasis at the time was the core of the state Kangyuy. In the Chinese Chronicles it was called Yuni and Shi, from the III century BC this city became the capital of an independent state. Over time, the center of the Tashkent oasis moved from Kanka to the North, on the territory of modern Tashkent, already existed here before the city of Ming Urik. Read more about Kanka