On a dig in Ecuador, archaeologists have found traces of cultures older than 5.5 thousand years. The work was carried out on the territory of the historical monument Rial Alta expedition, which included scientists from academic institutes in Moscow and Novosibirsk and the far Eastern Federal University (FEFU).
According to the press service of the far Eastern Federal University, scientists have discovered traces of one of the most ancient South American cultures “Valdivia” — age of 5.5 to 4 thousand years and even earlier cultures of South America from the period of “San Pedro”.
Scientists have found many artifacts, among them the remains of pottery and tools, shells of shellfish and animal bones and clay figurines, which, presumably, represented the spirits of ancestors and sahraniville together with the deceased. Managed to find two burials, which suggests that the scientists stumbled upon an ancient burial ground.
In the study, the researchers aim to establish a link between the ways of human adaptation to environmental changes in different parts of the globe, namely on the coast of South America and in Primorye. “We see that approximately at the same time people invented pottery, although in the far East it was used for a comprehensive ekspluatatsionnika resources, and in South America — largely for the cultivation of maize (corn)”, — said the Director of Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov. Continue reading
Allsky burial ground was opened in 2013 by archaeologist V. N. Karmanov. This find is dated V-VI centuries BC — the time from Siberia, through the Urals still came waves of Great migration of peoples. In the first two graves initially studied by archaeologists, were found the remains of a young man of 16 years and a man who was about 60 at that time he was a real man. Despite the fact that one of these burials were partially destroyed in ancient times, scientists have discovered things here — an iron knife, a bronze buckle for shoes, etc. This gave an opportunity to attribute the burial to karinskoe archaeological culture. This culture archaeologists refer to V-VI centuries ad Burial was made in the mounds, which are up to thirteen bodies. Mounds garinskoe culture is always rich items, though — or perhaps for this reason — these tombs are often robbed and robbed until now. In the grave was laid, not only swords, daggers, spears, beads from stekli amber and more.
These findings can be seen how heterogeneous were mixed and then the population of the Urals. In carinskih mounds are found Persian coins and weapons of Sarmatian warriors.
Allsky excavating the burial site, archaeologists also found graves — the exact number of graves yet to be determined, as they were badly damaged, and things are mixed.
So far it is clear that found a precious material — ceramics, the remains of silver and bronze ornaments, fragments of clothes. In one of the burials lay three men in leather shoes with bronze buckles. Belt were leather pouches with jewelry and knives of iron in bronze scabbard – obviously, they were ritual objects that were to go with deceased to the afterlife. In another burial, the burial place of a woman in a fur hat and fur bag, Continue reading
Kurgan Sarmatians from the I century BC with the burial and expensive utensils found near Rostov-on-don, in Moscow, found a treasure of copper coins of the mid-seventeenth century. In Bashkiria excavated funerary complex, whose age is 2.5 thousand years. This is just a partial list of recent finds of Russian archaeologists – their unique gift for the professional holiday – the Day of the archaeologist, celebrated on 15 August.
Russian archaeology as a science begins in the middle of the XIX century, when count Uvarov conducted the first excavations in the South of Russia. In Soviet times, Russian archaeology has occupied a worthy place in the world, having a serious scientific school and outstanding scientists. Modern Russian scientists continue the traditions established by their teachers half a century ago.
The worst time for archaeology can be considered “missed the 1990s”, said in an interview with overanalize.the Russian Federation chief editor of “Elbrus”, member of the Board of the writers ‘ Union of Kabardino-Balkaria, the authorized representative of the President of Russia Viktor Kotlyarov. “Then archeology in General almost nobody did. Many of the monuments came in horrible condition, with us in Kabardino-Balkaria – says Victor Kotlyarov. – But now I have hope to face the future with optimism. We began to pay attention to the lore, part of which is essentially archaeology. Let’s hope that our local history organizations will be widelyaccidently… the Lore is a synonym of Kralupy. And this attitude to their Homeland, which then develops to the Motherland”.
Archaeology is “absolutely a special place” in his life, the Director of the Museum-reserve “Kulikovo field”, a Trustee of Russian President Vladimir Gritsenko. “It is an archaeological expedition, in which I participated, as a schoolboy, determined, it is possible to tell, all of my life,” he said in an interview with overanalize.of the Russian Federation. Continue reading