On a dig in Ecuador, archaeologists have found traces of cultures older than 5.5 thousand years. The work was carried out on the territory of the historical monument Rial Alta expedition, which included scientists from academic institutes in Moscow and Novosibirsk and the far Eastern Federal University (FEFU).
According to the press service of the far Eastern Federal University, scientists have discovered traces of one of the most ancient South American cultures “Valdivia” — age of 5.5 to 4 thousand years and even earlier cultures of South America from the period of “San Pedro”.
Scientists have found many artifacts, among them the remains of pottery and tools, shells of shellfish and animal bones and clay figurines, which, presumably, represented the spirits of ancestors and sahraniville together with the deceased. Managed to find two burials, which suggests that the scientists stumbled upon an ancient burial ground.
In the study, the researchers aim to establish a link between the ways of human adaptation to environmental changes in different parts of the globe, namely on the coast of South America and in Primorye. “We see that approximately at the same time people invented pottery, although in the far East it was used for a comprehensive ekspluatatsionnika resources, and in South America — largely for the cultivation of maize (corn)”, — said the Director of Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov. Continue reading
Kurgan Sarmatians from the I century BC with the burial and expensive utensils found near Rostov-on-don, in Moscow, found a treasure of copper coins of the mid-seventeenth century. In Bashkiria excavated funerary complex, whose age is 2.5 thousand years. This is just a partial list of recent finds of Russian archaeologists – their unique gift for the professional holiday – the Day of the archaeologist, celebrated on 15 August.
Russian archaeology as a science begins in the middle of the XIX century, when count Uvarov conducted the first excavations in the South of Russia. In Soviet times, Russian archaeology has occupied a worthy place in the world, having a serious scientific school and outstanding scientists. Modern Russian scientists continue the traditions established by their teachers half a century ago.
The worst time for archaeology can be considered “missed the 1990s”, said in an interview with overanalize.the Russian Federation chief editor of “Elbrus”, member of the Board of the writers ‘ Union of Kabardino-Balkaria, the authorized representative of the President of Russia Viktor Kotlyarov. “Then archeology in General almost nobody did. Many of the monuments came in horrible condition, with us in Kabardino-Balkaria – says Victor Kotlyarov. – But now I have hope to face the future with optimism. We began to pay attention to the lore, part of which is essentially archaeology. Let’s hope that our local history organizations will be widelyaccidently… the Lore is a synonym of Kralupy. And this attitude to their Homeland, which then develops to the Motherland”.
Archaeology is “absolutely a special place” in his life, the Director of the Museum-reserve “Kulikovo field”, a Trustee of Russian President Vladimir Gritsenko. “It is an archaeological expedition, in which I participated, as a schoolboy, determined, it is possible to tell, all of my life,” he said in an interview with overanalize.of the Russian Federation. Continue reading
Archaeologists of the University found in Ecuador, traces of a culture older than 5.5 thousand years
Archaeological expedition of the far Eastern Federal University returned from the coast of Ecuador with a number of unique finds South American culture “Valdivia” age 5.5 to 4 thousand years and earlier period the “San Pedro”. A comprehensive study of the historical monument at real Alto in the framework of the international grant of the Scientific Fund of the FEFU, a group of scientists leads the third year. The main goal is to compare the human adaptation to changes in the environment on opposite sides of the Pacific ocean — the coast of South America and of modern Primorye.
The expedition included staff Training and research Museum and School of Humanities FEFU, as well as scientists of the far Eastern branch of Russian Academy of Sciences and their colleagues from academic institutions in Moscow and Novosibirsk archeologists, historians, specialists in ancient civilizations, paleontology, Geophysics. The expedition was headed by the Director of Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov. He said that as a result of over excavation on the Peninsula of Santa Elena were found the earliest layers of culture “Valdivia” age 5.5 to 4 thousand years. This culture of the American continent and became the object of attention of Russian scientists who carried out a comparative analysis with simultaneous baymanskaya culture of the Pacific coast of Russia. Continue reading