The word “archaeology” of Greek origin, like the origin of the names of many other Sciences (history, geography, Geology). It consists of two words – arhayos (ancient) and -logos (word, story). Leaves – the story of ancient times. For a long time archeology and understand the science of antiquity, that which is not available written history.
Archaeologists dig up remains of ancient cities, villages, graves, find ancient things, the traces of rites of burial, evidence of unit of defensive walls of the ancient city, clay and metal utensils, weapons, works of art. Them they judge how and what people lived in the past. Thus, archaeology helps RNATI about the past of mankind. Who we are, why live? This is also the questions of archaeology.
The value found by archaeologists of the subject is determined not by the material from which it is made, and the historical information that this item contains. Clay pot with ancient writing or a piece of tanned animal skin with unknown ancient inscriptions much more valuable to science than was found an ingot of precious metal. Yeah, he’s too valuable, but that value is different, far from a science. Ingot us a little that can tell about the past, and therefore both historical and archaeological value, he has not.
Broken pottery, fragments of craft tools long interested archaeologists. What in them interesting? Whether it is the Golden bowl! Attitude towards archaeology is gradually beginning to change from the eighteenth century and especially with HGH B. Archaeologists have learned that often simple, plain items like pots moulded carry historical information. Should only be able to get it. Archaeology gradually ceased to be kladoiskatelskih science. Continue reading
The method of disposal men could indicate that he was a man with a different sexual orientation or a transvestite.
Scientists have found the remains of ancient man, which can belong to one of the first representatives of non-traditional sexual orientation, writes the Daily mail.
Such thoughts prompted scientists unusual for men of the stone age method of burial. Excavations were conducted in the Czech Republic and date back to the age of about 5 thousand years.
The skeleton of a man who lived in the late stone age refers to the period between 2900 and 2500 years BC, the Experts note that during this period men were traditionally buried on their right side head towards the West, women, on the contrary – on the left side, facing East.
Besides men, as a rule, were buried with weapons and hammers, and with a certain amount of food and water needed during the transition to the other world. In the grave of women usually put necklaces, Pets, copper earrings, and various household utensils.
In this case, the person was buried in an uncharacteristic left side, facing West face. Experts also alarming and the fact that the remains were found suicidecommando home pitchers, but not a weapon. However, archaeologists did not think it could be a mistake, given the importance, inherent in the burial at that period. In addition, the legs of the skeleton were found typical for female graves with oval jugs. Continue reading
In the 70-ies of XX century in India, then in Europe and in Africa were found the remains of a Primate, Ramapithecus; the structure of his teeth was like the teeth of apes, and some of it gave reason to think that the problem is finally solved.
Primitive man lived 14 million years ago, and his physique shows that he could stand on legs, have had a free hand. But this hope quickly faded: new findings showed that rampitec is nothing other than a female of another large Primate, selvapiana, which belongs to the group of orangutans, not humans.
With sufficient certainty of a primitive people can only speak from the period of 4-3 million years ago. By this time, attributed by the scientists found the remains of Australopithecus, the most famous skeleton Lucy. It was discovered in 1972 In afar, Africa. How is it different from the skeletons of other primates? First of all, the fact That Lucy (no longer clear, it the female or the male) could walk on two limbs: walking on two legs is one of the characteristics that distinguishes man from his relatives, monkeys. But why these first anthropoids got to his feet and straightened? Continue reading