The authors of this paper has brought together one of the most interesting and unsolved problems of archaeology of pre-Columbian America – the determination of the time and place of the appearance of pottery in the South American continent. According to the bold hypothesis, pottery first appeared on the coast of Ecuador in the early agricultural culture of Valdivia about 5 thousand years ago, and this event was associated with transoceanic sailing media culture of the Jomon Japanese archipelago. Most archaeologists believe that the origins of valdivielso pottery should be sought in the continent
Search of early cultures on the coast of Ecuador are associated with the name of the Amateur archeologist and businessman E. Estrada Icaza and a couple of American archaeologists meggers B., and K. Evans of the Smithsonian Institute. A momentous event happened in 1956 when archaeological expedition discovered in the small fishing village of Valdivia multilayer archaeological monument of the unknown pottery. The age of the Valdivia culture, defined by radiocarbon Dating, was 4.5—4.0 thousand that gave reason to believe that we are talking about the oldest pottery not only in Ecuador but throughout South America. Based on the characteristic features Valdivieso ceramics,Estrada was nominated unexpected version that caused a lot of fierce dispute: origins unknown Ecuadorian culture – the Japanese archipelago, the Jomon culture! Continue reading
A group of American archaeologists found at the bottom of the Caribbean off the North coast of Haiti the wreckage, presumably of the ship “Santa Maria”, which Christopher Columbus discovered America.
“All the geographical, underwater topography and archaeological evidence give good reason to assume that this is the wreckage of the flagship Columbus – “Santa Maria,” said the head of the group, an American researcher Barry Clifford (Clifford Barry).
Such conclusions the group of archaeologists made after a recent expedition to the Caribbean, which was held in conjunction with the government of Haiti. Scientists using divers, magnetometers and sonar equipment thoroughly inspected the bottom.
See also Israeli archaeologists have discovered the ruins of the Palace of the biblical king David In 2003, the same group of researchers conducted a Photographic study of the area. In addition, Clifford has studied more than 400 sea anomaly and the diary of Columbus, which enabled to determine an approximate location of the wreckage and significantly narrow the search area. Scientists also sopostavlenie the ship’s appearance, in particular, guns on Board, with Photos. Continue reading
Archaeologists of the University found in Ecuador, traces of a culture older than 5.5 thousand years
Archaeological expedition of the far Eastern Federal University returned from the coast of Ecuador with a number of unique finds South American culture “Valdivia” age 5.5 to 4 thousand years and earlier period the “San Pedro”. A comprehensive study of the historical monument at real Alto in the framework of the international grant of the Scientific Fund of the FEFU, a group of scientists leads the third year. The main goal is to compare the human adaptation to changes in the environment on opposite sides of the Pacific ocean — the coast of South America and of modern Primorye.
The expedition included staff Training and research Museum and School of Humanities FEFU, as well as scientists of the far Eastern branch of Russian Academy of Sciences and their colleagues from academic institutions in Moscow and Novosibirsk archeologists, historians, specialists in ancient civilizations, paleontology, Geophysics. The expedition was headed by the Director of Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov. He said that as a result of over excavation on the Peninsula of Santa Elena were found the earliest layers of culture “Valdivia” age 5.5 to 4 thousand years. This culture of the American continent and became the object of attention of Russian scientists who carried out a comparative analysis with simultaneous baymanskaya culture of the Pacific coast of Russia. Continue reading