1. Athens (Greece) date of establishment: 4 — 5 thousand BC the birthplace of classical Greece and Western civilization, Athens is saturated with sights and monuments reminding the visitors about the town’s past. People lived here already in 11-7 BC however, the first written records date back to 1400 B. C. among the most popular attractions are the Acropolis with its marble temples dedicated to the goddess of Athens. Roman ruins of the city are also one of tourist attractions like old Royal Palace in Syntagma square, and many historic lanes, shops and restaurants.
2. Argos (Greece) date of establishment: 5000 BC Due to its favourable geographic location on the fertile plain, the city is mostly agriculture so far. However Argos is also a popular destination for tourists who love history, who come for the sake of studying a large number of ancient monuments. The most famous landmark of Argos — the temple of Hera.
3. Plovdiv (Bulgaria) date of establishment: 3-4 Millennium BC The earliest evidence of settlement in the area date back to 6 thousand BC Today Plovdiv is the second largest city of Bulgaria. Situated on a large plain between two mountain ranges, the city hides traces of its long history. The Romans as well as Ottoman Empire once ruled the city, leaving Sabanagrande architectural wonders, including the great mosque in the center of Plovdiv. Roman amphitheatre found in the heart of the city only in the 1970-ies, and to this day the monument is a must for any visitor. Continue reading
Hebron is one of oldest cities in the world and one of the four Jewish Holy cities along with Jerusalem, Tiberias and Tzfat. A city that has become a religious Shrine of three religions, is subject to constant tensions between Arabs and Jews. In addition to biblical attractions, Hebron is attractive for its glass-blowing industry, grapes, figs and olives that grows abundantly in the vicinity of the city.
Hebron is one of the oldest cities in the region, associated with the names of the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and king David. In the Bible, Hebron is also called Mamre and Kiryat Arba. According to the old Testament Abraham bought the cave of Machpelah for 400 shekels of silver at jetanin of Ephron to bury Sarah. In the same cave were later buried Abraham and Jacob and Isaac with their wives. There is a version that in the same cave are buried the remains of the first people on earth – Adam and eve.
Prior to the taking of Jerusalem. for seven years, Hebron was the capital of David’s Kingdom. During the Jewish war, the Romans captured the city and renamed it Abramius. Replaced the Romans came the Byzantines, then the crusaders, Mamluks, and Ottomans. During the six day war, Israeli forces took the city without meeting much resistance. Today live here, mainly Jews from English-speaking countries. Continue reading
Did you know that near Rome is one of the oldest, most famous and best-preserved settlements of the Roman Empire? In the heart of a beautiful Park, near mouth (lat. the ostium) of the Tiber river, are the excavations of this city – Ostia (see map ). Offer a new exclusive trip for those history buffs of ancient Rome who want to visit the suburbs of the eternal city and go to the sea.
To understand how the town appeared, we must turn to the legends of antiquity. It is believed that the basis of his dated from V – IV centuries BC during the reign of king Anka Marcius was founded here the first Roman colony. The circumstances of settlement rather intriguing and instructive. The place of its occurrence is not surprising, because it is near the mouth of the river Tiber in those days were in the salt mines, and the road to it was called Salt ( via Salaria).
With its unique location, its importance grew and with time there appeared a large trading port, which provided all commercial activities of Rome. Continue reading