On a dig in Ecuador, archaeologists have found traces of cultures older than 5.5 thousand years. The work was carried out on the territory of the historical monument Rial Alta expedition, which included scientists from academic institutes in Moscow and Novosibirsk and the far Eastern Federal University (FEFU).
According to the press service of the far Eastern Federal University, scientists have discovered traces of one of the most ancient South American cultures “Valdivia” — age of 5.5 to 4 thousand years and even earlier cultures of South America from the period of “San Pedro”.
Scientists have found many artifacts, among them the remains of pottery and tools, shells of shellfish and animal bones and clay figurines, which, presumably, represented the spirits of ancestors and sahraniville together with the deceased. Managed to find two burials, which suggests that the scientists stumbled upon an ancient burial ground.
In the study, the researchers aim to establish a link between the ways of human adaptation to environmental changes in different parts of the globe, namely on the coast of South America and in Primorye. “We see that approximately at the same time people invented pottery, although in the far East it was used for a comprehensive ekspluatatsionnika resources, and in South America — largely for the cultivation of maize (corn)”, — said the Director of Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov. Continue reading
Young volunteers assisted the archaeologists discovered in southwestern France to the cave of Arago d prehistoric tooth that belonged to an adult, who lived half a million years ago. Despite the fact that the tooth is quite badly preserved and to explore it will be difficult, the staff of the Center for prehistoric studies of Tatavla will try to learn about the morphology of the first Europeans and to increase knowledge about their features.
Excavations were conducted last week on Thursday, July 23, near the southern French city of Perpignan. Young archaeologists and volunteers are shocked by the discovery, which they named Arago 149. The tooth was found and recognized as the oldest piece of human remains found in Europe. According to the archaeologists, the tooth belonged to an adult, who lived 560 thousand years ago.
“Large tooth of the adult – not to say a man or a woman – was found during excavations in a layer whose age we estimated at 550 thousand years since used various Dating methods”, – said paleoanthropology Amelie Vialle edition of L’express. Continue reading
Archaeologists recently found scarce traces of Chalcolithic near Jerusalem, but significant remains of the ancient settlement discovered for the first time, said the representative of the Israel antiquities authority.
Archaeologists discovered, North of Jerusalem the ancient settlement belonging to the Copper age or the Eneolithic age settlements is about seven thousand years, said the Israel antiquities authority.
An impressive discovery was made during the preliminary excavations prior to construction of the road near the village of Shuafat.
In the Eneolithic (from the Latin. aeneus — brass and GK. λίθος — stone, IV-III Millennium BC) people were first to use tools made of copper, but not yet abandoned the use of stone tools.
“The opening belonging to the Eneolithic period have been found in the Negev, coastal valley, the Galilee and the Golan, but is almost completely absent in the area of the Judean hills and Jerusalem,” — said the representative of the Department of antiquities of Israel OMRI Barzilai (Omri Barzilai). Continue reading