On a dig in Ecuador, archaeologists have found traces of cultures older than 5.5 thousand years. The work was carried out on the territory of the historical monument Rial Alta expedition, which included scientists from academic institutes in Moscow and Novosibirsk and the far Eastern Federal University (FEFU).
According to the press service of the far Eastern Federal University, scientists have discovered traces of one of the most ancient South American cultures “Valdivia” — age of 5.5 to 4 thousand years and even earlier cultures of South America from the period of “San Pedro”.
Scientists have found many artifacts, among them the remains of pottery and tools, shells of shellfish and animal bones and clay figurines, which, presumably, represented the spirits of ancestors and sahraniville together with the deceased. Managed to find two burials, which suggests that the scientists stumbled upon an ancient burial ground.
In the study, the researchers aim to establish a link between the ways of human adaptation to environmental changes in different parts of the globe, namely on the coast of South America and in Primorye. “We see that approximately at the same time people invented pottery, although in the far East it was used for a comprehensive ekspluatatsionnika resources, and in South America — largely for the cultivation of maize (corn)”, — said the Director of Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov. Continue reading
The authors of this paper has brought together one of the most interesting and unsolved problems of archaeology of pre-Columbian America – the determination of the time and place of the appearance of pottery in the South American continent. According to the bold hypothesis, pottery first appeared on the coast of Ecuador in the early agricultural culture of Valdivia about 5 thousand years ago, and this event was associated with transoceanic sailing media culture of the Jomon Japanese archipelago. Most archaeologists believe that the origins of valdivielso pottery should be sought in the continent
Search of early cultures on the coast of Ecuador are associated with the name of the Amateur archeologist and businessman E. Estrada Icaza and a couple of American archaeologists meggers B., and K. Evans of the Smithsonian Institute. A momentous event happened in 1956 when archaeological expedition discovered in the small fishing village of Valdivia multilayer archaeological monument of the unknown pottery. The age of the Valdivia culture, defined by radiocarbon Dating, was 4.5—4.0 thousand that gave reason to believe that we are talking about the oldest pottery not only in Ecuador but throughout South America. Based on the characteristic features Valdivieso ceramics,Estrada was nominated unexpected version that caused a lot of fierce dispute: origins unknown Ecuadorian culture – the Japanese archipelago, the Jomon culture! Continue reading
Archaeologists of the University found in Ecuador, traces of a culture older than 5.5 thousand years
Archaeological expedition of the far Eastern Federal University returned from the coast of Ecuador with a number of unique finds South American culture “Valdivia” age 5.5 to 4 thousand years and earlier period the “San Pedro”. A comprehensive study of the historical monument at real Alto in the framework of the international grant of the Scientific Fund of the FEFU, a group of scientists leads the third year. The main goal is to compare the human adaptation to changes in the environment on opposite sides of the Pacific ocean — the coast of South America and of modern Primorye.
The expedition included staff Training and research Museum and School of Humanities FEFU, as well as scientists of the far Eastern branch of Russian Academy of Sciences and their colleagues from academic institutions in Moscow and Novosibirsk archeologists, historians, specialists in ancient civilizations, paleontology, Geophysics. The expedition was headed by the Director of Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov. He said that as a result of over excavation on the Peninsula of Santa Elena were found the earliest layers of culture “Valdivia” age 5.5 to 4 thousand years. This culture of the American continent and became the object of attention of Russian scientists who carried out a comparative analysis with simultaneous baymanskaya culture of the Pacific coast of Russia. Continue reading