On a dig in Ecuador, archaeologists have found traces of cultures older than 5.5 thousand years. The work was carried out on the territory of the historical monument Rial Alta expedition, which included scientists from academic institutes in Moscow and Novosibirsk and the far Eastern Federal University (FEFU).
According to the press service of the far Eastern Federal University, scientists have discovered traces of one of the most ancient South American cultures “Valdivia” — age of 5.5 to 4 thousand years and even earlier cultures of South America from the period of “San Pedro”.
Scientists have found many artifacts, among them the remains of pottery and tools, shells of shellfish and animal bones and clay figurines, which, presumably, represented the spirits of ancestors and sahraniville together with the deceased. Managed to find two burials, which suggests that the scientists stumbled upon an ancient burial ground.
In the study, the researchers aim to establish a link between the ways of human adaptation to environmental changes in different parts of the globe, namely on the coast of South America and in Primorye. “We see that approximately at the same time people invented pottery, although in the far East it was used for a comprehensive ekspluatatsionnika resources, and in South America — largely for the cultivation of maize (corn)”, — said the Director of Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov. Continue reading
1. Athens (Greece) date of establishment: 4 — 5 thousand BC the birthplace of classical Greece and Western civilization, Athens is saturated with sights and monuments reminding the visitors about the town’s past. People lived here already in 11-7 BC however, the first written records date back to 1400 B. C. among the most popular attractions are the Acropolis with its marble temples dedicated to the goddess of Athens. Roman ruins of the city are also one of tourist attractions like old Royal Palace in Syntagma square, and many historic lanes, shops and restaurants.
2. Argos (Greece) date of establishment: 5000 BC Due to its favourable geographic location on the fertile plain, the city is mostly agriculture so far. However Argos is also a popular destination for tourists who love history, who come for the sake of studying a large number of ancient monuments. The most famous landmark of Argos — the temple of Hera.
3. Plovdiv (Bulgaria) date of establishment: 3-4 Millennium BC The earliest evidence of settlement in the area date back to 6 thousand BC Today Plovdiv is the second largest city of Bulgaria. Situated on a large plain between two mountain ranges, the city hides traces of its long history. The Romans as well as Ottoman Empire once ruled the city, leaving Sabanagrande architectural wonders, including the great mosque in the center of Plovdiv. Roman amphitheatre found in the heart of the city only in the 1970-ies, and to this day the monument is a must for any visitor. Continue reading
“Black diggers” have plundered an archaeological site in Koloa transferred to newly established area
“Black diggers” looted the monument of Federal value – the settlement of Koloa (XIV-XVII centuries), located in area of Opochka Okrug. The destruction of the settlement, the archaeologists reported by local residents.
As reported Pskov news in the Archaeological center of the Pskov region, the activities of “black diggers” at the site of Kologo not like the usual “zakouski” from metal detectors. The survey of the settlement recorded large-scale destruction of archaeological monument on the area of 70 sq. m. the Robbers invaded the cultural layer to a depth of 1.5 meters. Counted about a dozen of predatory boreholes from 1.5 to 2 meters of trenches 3 to 6 feet. Parts that are directly attributable to the construction of the XV-XVI centuries. Dumps the burnt remains of wooden structures, boulder grounds kilns, medieval ceramics.
“The monument of archaeology is irreparably damaged: destroyed site of the stronghold with the most powerful and informative layers. From the cultural layer removed all the discoveries that have commercial value, destroyed the medieval buildings, disturbed stratigraphy,” say the archaeologists. Continue reading