The word “archaeology” of Greek origin, like the origin of the names of many other Sciences (history, geography, Geology). It consists of two words – arhayos (ancient) and -logos (word, story). Leaves – the story of ancient times. For a long time archeology and understand the science of antiquity, that which is not available written history.
Archaeologists dig up remains of ancient cities, villages, graves, find ancient things, the traces of rites of burial, evidence of unit of defensive walls of the ancient city, clay and metal utensils, weapons, works of art. Them they judge how and what people lived in the past. Thus, archaeology helps RNATI about the past of mankind. Who we are, why live? This is also the questions of archaeology.
The value found by archaeologists of the subject is determined not by the material from which it is made, and the historical information that this item contains. Clay pot with ancient writing or a piece of tanned animal skin with unknown ancient inscriptions much more valuable to science than was found an ingot of precious metal. Yeah, he’s too valuable, but that value is different, far from a science. Ingot us a little that can tell about the past, and therefore both historical and archaeological value, he has not.
Broken pottery, fragments of craft tools long interested archaeologists. What in them interesting? Whether it is the Golden bowl! Attitude towards archaeology is gradually beginning to change from the eighteenth century and especially with HGH B. Archaeologists have learned that often simple, plain items like pots moulded carry historical information. Should only be able to get it. Archaeology gradually ceased to be kladoiskatelskih science. Continue reading
1. Athens (Greece) date of establishment: 4 — 5 thousand BC the birthplace of classical Greece and Western civilization, Athens is saturated with sights and monuments reminding the visitors about the town’s past. People lived here already in 11-7 BC however, the first written records date back to 1400 B. C. among the most popular attractions are the Acropolis with its marble temples dedicated to the goddess of Athens. Roman ruins of the city are also one of tourist attractions like old Royal Palace in Syntagma square, and many historic lanes, shops and restaurants.
2. Argos (Greece) date of establishment: 5000 BC Due to its favourable geographic location on the fertile plain, the city is mostly agriculture so far. However Argos is also a popular destination for tourists who love history, who come for the sake of studying a large number of ancient monuments. The most famous landmark of Argos — the temple of Hera.
3. Plovdiv (Bulgaria) date of establishment: 3-4 Millennium BC The earliest evidence of settlement in the area date back to 6 thousand BC Today Plovdiv is the second largest city of Bulgaria. Situated on a large plain between two mountain ranges, the city hides traces of its long history. The Romans as well as Ottoman Empire once ruled the city, leaving Sabanagrande architectural wonders, including the great mosque in the center of Plovdiv. Roman amphitheatre found in the heart of the city only in the 1970-ies, and to this day the monument is a must for any visitor. Continue reading
Kurgan Sarmatians from the I century BC with the burial and expensive utensils found near Rostov-on-don, in Moscow, found a treasure of copper coins of the mid-seventeenth century. In Bashkiria excavated funerary complex, whose age is 2.5 thousand years. This is just a partial list of recent finds of Russian archaeologists – their unique gift for the professional holiday – the Day of the archaeologist, celebrated on 15 August.
Russian archaeology as a science begins in the middle of the XIX century, when count Uvarov conducted the first excavations in the South of Russia. In Soviet times, Russian archaeology has occupied a worthy place in the world, having a serious scientific school and outstanding scientists. Modern Russian scientists continue the traditions established by their teachers half a century ago.
The worst time for archaeology can be considered “missed the 1990s”, said in an interview with overanalize.the Russian Federation chief editor of “Elbrus”, member of the Board of the writers ‘ Union of Kabardino-Balkaria, the authorized representative of the President of Russia Viktor Kotlyarov. “Then archeology in General almost nobody did. Many of the monuments came in horrible condition, with us in Kabardino-Balkaria – says Victor Kotlyarov. – But now I have hope to face the future with optimism. We began to pay attention to the lore, part of which is essentially archaeology. Let’s hope that our local history organizations will be widelyaccidently… the Lore is a synonym of Kralupy. And this attitude to their Homeland, which then develops to the Motherland”.
Archaeology is “absolutely a special place” in his life, the Director of the Museum-reserve “Kulikovo field”, a Trustee of Russian President Vladimir Gritsenko. “It is an archaeological expedition, in which I participated, as a schoolboy, determined, it is possible to tell, all of my life,” he said in an interview with overanalize.of the Russian Federation. Continue reading