The word “archaeology” of Greek origin, like the origin of the names of many other Sciences (history, geography, Geology). It consists of two words – arhayos (ancient) and -logos (word, story). Leaves – the story of ancient times. For a long time archeology and understand the science of antiquity, that which is not available written history.
Archaeologists dig up remains of ancient cities, villages, graves, find ancient things, the traces of rites of burial, evidence of unit of defensive walls of the ancient city, clay and metal utensils, weapons, works of art. Them they judge how and what people lived in the past. Thus, archaeology helps RNATI about the past of mankind. Who we are, why live? This is also the questions of archaeology.
The value found by archaeologists of the subject is determined not by the material from which it is made, and the historical information that this item contains. Clay pot with ancient writing or a piece of tanned animal skin with unknown ancient inscriptions much more valuable to science than was found an ingot of precious metal. Yeah, he’s too valuable, but that value is different, far from a science. Ingot us a little that can tell about the past, and therefore both historical and archaeological value, he has not.
Broken pottery, fragments of craft tools long interested archaeologists. What in them interesting? Whether it is the Golden bowl! Attitude towards archaeology is gradually beginning to change from the eighteenth century and especially with HGH B. Archaeologists have learned that often simple, plain items like pots moulded carry historical information. Should only be able to get it. Archaeology gradually ceased to be kladoiskatelskih science. Continue reading
According to law, construction work was suspended and the study of the territory began archaeologists. In the study area they have identified and studied the graves of the early middle ages, finding gold jewelry.
TBILISI, Aug 4 – news-Georgia . Unique archaeological finds were discovered on Pikris mountain in the town of Mtskheta (ancient capital of Georgia, located near Tbilisi) during construction works on private land on the territory of old graves, according to the Ministry of culture and monument protection of Georgia on Monday 4 August.
According to law, construction work was suspended and the study of the territory began, the archaeologists who work on the mountain Picris from late July – when a grave was discovered. In the study area they have identified and studied the graves of the early middle ages, among them five types of burial grounds, – stated in the message.
“In the places of burials were found Golden rings, hooks for clothes and a gold coin of the Byzantine Emperor Constantine VIII (1025-1028.), which confirms that the residents of Mtskheta were buried in the burial grounds of the mountain Picris not only in IV-VI, but in the middle ages”, it oficialnaya office.
In addition to coins and gold jewelry, were also found other items – buckles, brooches, vessels for storage of spices, and made of different materials rings and beads. Continue reading
Allsky burial ground was opened in 2013 by archaeologist V. N. Karmanov. This find is dated V-VI centuries BC — the time from Siberia, through the Urals still came waves of Great migration of peoples. In the first two graves initially studied by archaeologists, were found the remains of a young man of 16 years and a man who was about 60 at that time he was a real man. Despite the fact that one of these burials were partially destroyed in ancient times, scientists have discovered things here — an iron knife, a bronze buckle for shoes, etc. This gave an opportunity to attribute the burial to karinskoe archaeological culture. This culture archaeologists refer to V-VI centuries ad Burial was made in the mounds, which are up to thirteen bodies. Mounds garinskoe culture is always rich items, though — or perhaps for this reason — these tombs are often robbed and robbed until now. In the grave was laid, not only swords, daggers, spears, beads from stekli amber and more.
These findings can be seen how heterogeneous were mixed and then the population of the Urals. In carinskih mounds are found Persian coins and weapons of Sarmatian warriors.
Allsky excavating the burial site, archaeologists also found graves — the exact number of graves yet to be determined, as they were badly damaged, and things are mixed.
So far it is clear that found a precious material — ceramics, the remains of silver and bronze ornaments, fragments of clothes. In one of the burials lay three men in leather shoes with bronze buckles. Belt were leather pouches with jewelry and knives of iron in bronze scabbard – obviously, they were ritual objects that were to go with deceased to the afterlife. In another burial, the burial place of a woman in a fur hat and fur bag, Continue reading