The word “archaeology” of Greek origin, like the origin of the names of many other Sciences (history, geography, Geology). It consists of two words – arhayos (ancient) and -logos (word, story). Leaves – the story of ancient times. For a long time archeology and understand the science of antiquity, that which is not available written history.
Archaeologists dig up remains of ancient cities, villages, graves, find ancient things, the traces of rites of burial, evidence of unit of defensive walls of the ancient city, clay and metal utensils, weapons, works of art. Them they judge how and what people lived in the past. Thus, archaeology helps RNATI about the past of mankind. Who we are, why live? This is also the questions of archaeology.
The value found by archaeologists of the subject is determined not by the material from which it is made, and the historical information that this item contains. Clay pot with ancient writing or a piece of tanned animal skin with unknown ancient inscriptions much more valuable to science than was found an ingot of precious metal. Yeah, he’s too valuable, but that value is different, far from a science. Ingot us a little that can tell about the past, and therefore both historical and archaeological value, he has not.
Broken pottery, fragments of craft tools long interested archaeologists. What in them interesting? Whether it is the Golden bowl! Attitude towards archaeology is gradually beginning to change from the eighteenth century and especially with HGH B. Archaeologists have learned that often simple, plain items like pots moulded carry historical information. Should only be able to get it. Archaeology gradually ceased to be kladoiskatelskih science. Continue reading
The authors of this paper has brought together one of the most interesting and unsolved problems of archaeology of pre-Columbian America – the determination of the time and place of the appearance of pottery in the South American continent. According to the bold hypothesis, pottery first appeared on the coast of Ecuador in the early agricultural culture of Valdivia about 5 thousand years ago, and this event was associated with transoceanic sailing media culture of the Jomon Japanese archipelago. Most archaeologists believe that the origins of valdivielso pottery should be sought in the continent
Search of early cultures on the coast of Ecuador are associated with the name of the Amateur archeologist and businessman E. Estrada Icaza and a couple of American archaeologists meggers B., and K. Evans of the Smithsonian Institute. A momentous event happened in 1956 when archaeological expedition discovered in the small fishing village of Valdivia multilayer archaeological monument of the unknown pottery. The age of the Valdivia culture, defined by radiocarbon Dating, was 4.5—4.0 thousand that gave reason to believe that we are talking about the oldest pottery not only in Ecuador but throughout South America. Based on the characteristic features Valdivieso ceramics,Estrada was nominated unexpected version that caused a lot of fierce dispute: origins unknown Ecuadorian culture – the Japanese archipelago, the Jomon culture! Continue reading
Archaeology – live arguments. So says Vincent, Parshuta, which is engaged in the archaeology Club of the Palace of youth creativity with the 5th grade. This summer, at the age of 17, he entered the Oriental faculty of St. Petersburg state University. Vincent is a regular at all of the expeditions of the club and the party’s 17 the last!
“I before and after school, said Vincent, – different people! Here I had an interest in the history of our ancestors. Here, I realized that archaeology is not a refined science, and some real hard evidence”. But, more importantly, as evidenced by all the pupils of the club – it is an invaluable communication skills and socialization!
Being in the senior expedition “to communicate with these highly educated people”, the experience Vlada Sinelnikova, easy and pleasant. They are always prompt, how to perform a certain type of work, joke, help. Anton Saveliev and Sasha Rakhiv together with Vlada engaged in the club for the 3rd year and dream of next year again to go to the Chersonese and Tuva – scientific archaeological expedition of the State Hermitage Museum. They know that there will be unexpected discoveries, and essential skills field work. Tamara A. Zheglov, head of the club which, in the opinion of the guys, segasega to find a common language, knows the secret passion of their students in scientific expeditions. Very often they are headed by graduates of the young archaeologists Club. Continue reading