On a dig in Ecuador, archaeologists have found traces of cultures older than 5.5 thousand years. The work was carried out on the territory of the historical monument Rial Alta expedition, which included scientists from academic institutes in Moscow and Novosibirsk and the far Eastern Federal University (FEFU).
According to the press service of the far Eastern Federal University, scientists have discovered traces of one of the most ancient South American cultures “Valdivia” — age of 5.5 to 4 thousand years and even earlier cultures of South America from the period of “San Pedro”.
Scientists have found many artifacts, among them the remains of pottery and tools, shells of shellfish and animal bones and clay figurines, which, presumably, represented the spirits of ancestors and sahraniville together with the deceased. Managed to find two burials, which suggests that the scientists stumbled upon an ancient burial ground.
In the study, the researchers aim to establish a link between the ways of human adaptation to environmental changes in different parts of the globe, namely on the coast of South America and in Primorye. “We see that approximately at the same time people invented pottery, although in the far East it was used for a comprehensive ekspluatatsionnika resources, and in South America — largely for the cultivation of maize (corn)”, — said the Director of Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov. Continue reading
The exhibition presents sensational finds, discovered on the Okhta Cape, as well as Photos showing the unique archaeological monuments.
On 19 September at the Museum “Narvskaya Outpost”, located in the manor house of the Princess Dashkova, will open a unique exhibition “Archaeological discoveries on the Okhta Cape”. The exhibition presents sensational finds, discovered on the Okhta Cape, as well as Photos showing the unique archaeological monuments. As a result of years of excavations of the St Petersburg archaeological expedition North-West Institute of cultural and natural heritage and the Institute of history of material culture (the Institute) was opened a unique multi-layered monument, testifying to the ancient history of the reclamation of the territory of modern St. Petersburg. It and facilities of the Neolithic, and the ancient settlement of XII – XIII centuries and fortification of the XIV – XVII centuries the fortress of Landskrona in 1300 years, the fortress of Nyenskans in different time periods, and Russian settlement Nevskoye Ustye, Nyenskans prior to the first. Continue reading
The authors of this paper has brought together one of the most interesting and unsolved problems of archaeology of pre-Columbian America – the determination of the time and place of the appearance of pottery in the South American continent. According to the bold hypothesis, pottery first appeared on the coast of Ecuador in the early agricultural culture of Valdivia about 5 thousand years ago, and this event was associated with transoceanic sailing media culture of the Jomon Japanese archipelago. Most archaeologists believe that the origins of valdivielso pottery should be sought in the continent
Search of early cultures on the coast of Ecuador are associated with the name of the Amateur archeologist and businessman E. Estrada Icaza and a couple of American archaeologists meggers B., and K. Evans of the Smithsonian Institute. A momentous event happened in 1956 when archaeological expedition discovered in the small fishing village of Valdivia multilayer archaeological monument of the unknown pottery. The age of the Valdivia culture, defined by radiocarbon Dating, was 4.5—4.0 thousand that gave reason to believe that we are talking about the oldest pottery not only in Ecuador but throughout South America. Based on the characteristic features Valdivieso ceramics,Estrada was nominated unexpected version that caused a lot of fierce dispute: origins unknown Ecuadorian culture – the Japanese archipelago, the Jomon culture! Continue reading