1. Athens (Greece) date of establishment: 4 — 5 thousand BC the birthplace of classical Greece and Western civilization, Athens is saturated with sights and monuments reminding the visitors about the town’s past. People lived here already in 11-7 BC however, the first written records date back to 1400 B. C. among the most popular attractions are the Acropolis with its marble temples dedicated to the goddess of Athens. Roman ruins of the city are also one of tourist attractions like old Royal Palace in Syntagma square, and many historic lanes, shops and restaurants.
2. Argos (Greece) date of establishment: 5000 BC Due to its favourable geographic location on the fertile plain, the city is mostly agriculture so far. However Argos is also a popular destination for tourists who love history, who come for the sake of studying a large number of ancient monuments. The most famous landmark of Argos — the temple of Hera.
3. Plovdiv (Bulgaria) date of establishment: 3-4 Millennium BC The earliest evidence of settlement in the area date back to 6 thousand BC Today Plovdiv is the second largest city of Bulgaria. Situated on a large plain between two mountain ranges, the city hides traces of its long history. The Romans as well as Ottoman Empire once ruled the city, leaving Sabanagrande architectural wonders, including the great mosque in the center of Plovdiv. Roman amphitheatre found in the heart of the city only in the 1970-ies, and to this day the monument is a must for any visitor. Continue reading
The authors of this paper has brought together one of the most interesting and unsolved problems of archaeology of pre-Columbian America – the determination of the time and place of the appearance of pottery in the South American continent. According to the bold hypothesis, pottery first appeared on the coast of Ecuador in the early agricultural culture of Valdivia about 5 thousand years ago, and this event was associated with transoceanic sailing media culture of the Jomon Japanese archipelago. Most archaeologists believe that the origins of valdivielso pottery should be sought in the continent
Search of early cultures on the coast of Ecuador are associated with the name of the Amateur archeologist and businessman E. Estrada Icaza and a couple of American archaeologists meggers B., and K. Evans of the Smithsonian Institute. A momentous event happened in 1956 when archaeological expedition discovered in the small fishing village of Valdivia multilayer archaeological monument of the unknown pottery. The age of the Valdivia culture, defined by radiocarbon Dating, was 4.5—4.0 thousand that gave reason to believe that we are talking about the oldest pottery not only in Ecuador but throughout South America. Based on the characteristic features Valdivieso ceramics,Estrada was nominated unexpected version that caused a lot of fierce dispute: origins unknown Ecuadorian culture – the Japanese archipelago, the Jomon culture! Continue reading
Archaeology – live arguments. So says Vincent, Parshuta, which is engaged in the archaeology Club of the Palace of youth creativity with the 5th grade. This summer, at the age of 17, he entered the Oriental faculty of St. Petersburg state University. Vincent is a regular at all of the expeditions of the club and the party’s 17 the last!
“I before and after school, said Vincent, – different people! Here I had an interest in the history of our ancestors. Here, I realized that archaeology is not a refined science, and some real hard evidence”. But, more importantly, as evidenced by all the pupils of the club – it is an invaluable communication skills and socialization!
Being in the senior expedition “to communicate with these highly educated people”, the experience Vlada Sinelnikova, easy and pleasant. They are always prompt, how to perform a certain type of work, joke, help. Anton Saveliev and Sasha Rakhiv together with Vlada engaged in the club for the 3rd year and dream of next year again to go to the Chersonese and Tuva – scientific archaeological expedition of the State Hermitage Museum. They know that there will be unexpected discoveries, and essential skills field work. Tamara A. Zheglov, head of the club which, in the opinion of the guys, segasega to find a common language, knows the secret passion of their students in scientific expeditions. Very often they are headed by graduates of the young archaeologists Club. Continue reading