The word “archaeology” of Greek origin, like the origin of the names of many other Sciences (history, geography, Geology). It consists of two words – arhayos (ancient) and -logos (word, story). Leaves – the story of ancient times. For a long time archeology and understand the science of antiquity, that which is not available written history.
Archaeologists dig up remains of ancient cities, villages, graves, find ancient things, the traces of rites of burial, evidence of unit of defensive walls of the ancient city, clay and metal utensils, weapons, works of art. Them they judge how and what people lived in the past. Thus, archaeology helps RNATI about the past of mankind. Who we are, why live? This is also the questions of archaeology.
The value found by archaeologists of the subject is determined not by the material from which it is made, and the historical information that this item contains. Clay pot with ancient writing or a piece of tanned animal skin with unknown ancient inscriptions much more valuable to science than was found an ingot of precious metal. Yeah, he’s too valuable, but that value is different, far from a science. Ingot us a little that can tell about the past, and therefore both historical and archaeological value, he has not.
Broken pottery, fragments of craft tools long interested archaeologists. What in them interesting? Whether it is the Golden bowl! Attitude towards archaeology is gradually beginning to change from the eighteenth century and especially with HGH B. Archaeologists have learned that often simple, plain items like pots moulded carry historical information. Should only be able to get it. Archaeology gradually ceased to be kladoiskatelskih science. Continue reading
According to law, construction work was suspended and the study of the territory began archaeologists. In the study area they have identified and studied the graves of the early middle ages, finding gold jewelry.
TBILISI, Aug 4 – news-Georgia . Unique archaeological finds were discovered on Pikris mountain in the town of Mtskheta (ancient capital of Georgia, located near Tbilisi) during construction works on private land on the territory of old graves, according to the Ministry of culture and monument protection of Georgia on Monday 4 August.
According to law, construction work was suspended and the study of the territory began, the archaeologists who work on the mountain Picris from late July – when a grave was discovered. In the study area they have identified and studied the graves of the early middle ages, among them five types of burial grounds, – stated in the message.
“In the places of burials were found Golden rings, hooks for clothes and a gold coin of the Byzantine Emperor Constantine VIII (1025-1028.), which confirms that the residents of Mtskheta were buried in the burial grounds of the mountain Picris not only in IV-VI, but in the middle ages”, it oficialnaya office.
In addition to coins and gold jewelry, were also found other items – buckles, brooches, vessels for storage of spices, and made of different materials rings and beads. Continue reading
The method of disposal men could indicate that he was a man with a different sexual orientation or a transvestite.
Scientists have found the remains of ancient man, which can belong to one of the first representatives of non-traditional sexual orientation, writes the Daily mail.
Such thoughts prompted scientists unusual for men of the stone age method of burial. Excavations were conducted in the Czech Republic and date back to the age of about 5 thousand years.
The skeleton of a man who lived in the late stone age refers to the period between 2900 and 2500 years BC, the Experts note that during this period men were traditionally buried on their right side head towards the West, women, on the contrary – on the left side, facing East.
Besides men, as a rule, were buried with weapons and hammers, and with a certain amount of food and water needed during the transition to the other world. In the grave of women usually put necklaces, Pets, copper earrings, and various household utensils.
In this case, the person was buried in an uncharacteristic left side, facing West face. Experts also alarming and the fact that the remains were found suicidecommando home pitchers, but not a weapon. However, archaeologists did not think it could be a mistake, given the importance, inherent in the burial at that period. In addition, the legs of the skeleton were found typical for female graves with oval jugs. Continue reading