The word “archaeology” of Greek origin, like the origin of the names of many other Sciences (history, geography, Geology). It consists of two words – arhayos (ancient) and -logos (word, story). Leaves – the story of ancient times. For a long time archeology and understand the science of antiquity, that which is not available written history.
Archaeologists dig up remains of ancient cities, villages, graves, find ancient things, the traces of rites of burial, evidence of unit of defensive walls of the ancient city, clay and metal utensils, weapons, works of art. Them they judge how and what people lived in the past. Thus, archaeology helps RNATI about the past of mankind. Who we are, why live? This is also the questions of archaeology.
The value found by archaeologists of the subject is determined not by the material from which it is made, and the historical information that this item contains. Clay pot with ancient writing or a piece of tanned animal skin with unknown ancient inscriptions much more valuable to science than was found an ingot of precious metal. Yeah, he’s too valuable, but that value is different, far from a science. Ingot us a little that can tell about the past, and therefore both historical and archaeological value, he has not.
Broken pottery, fragments of craft tools long interested archaeologists. What in them interesting? Whether it is the Golden bowl! Attitude towards archaeology is gradually beginning to change from the eighteenth century and especially with HGH B. Archaeologists have learned that often simple, plain items like pots moulded carry historical information. Should only be able to get it. Archaeology gradually ceased to be kladoiskatelskih science. Continue reading
Russian archaeologists have discovered “white walls” first capital of ancient Egypt, which tried to find researchers from all over the world for over a hundred years.
The sensational discovery of the archaeologists from Russia in Egypt. During excavations in and around Cairo, they found fragments of ancient fortifications. Scientists claim that their discovery was nothing like the legendary “white walls” of Memphis, the first capital of Ancient Egypt, for which researchers from around the world raced for over a hundred years.
As told “MK” the Deputy Director of the egyptologic research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences Alexey Krol, the finding was discovered in the province of Giza, 20 kilometres from Cairo. Russian archaeologists first came here in 2001, and since then almost every meter of covered ground gives scientists new surprises. Now archaeologists are working on the territory of Kom tuman – one of the hills on which lay the legendary Memphis, built in the early third Millennium BC on the Western Bank of the Nile. Continue reading
Young volunteers assisted the archaeologists discovered in southwestern France to the cave of Arago d prehistoric tooth that belonged to an adult, who lived half a million years ago. Despite the fact that the tooth is quite badly preserved and to explore it will be difficult, the staff of the Center for prehistoric studies of Tatavla will try to learn about the morphology of the first Europeans and to increase knowledge about their features.
Excavations were conducted last week on Thursday, July 23, near the southern French city of Perpignan. Young archaeologists and volunteers are shocked by the discovery, which they named Arago 149. The tooth was found and recognized as the oldest piece of human remains found in Europe. According to the archaeologists, the tooth belonged to an adult, who lived 560 thousand years ago.
“Large tooth of the adult – not to say a man or a woman – was found during excavations in a layer whose age we estimated at 550 thousand years since used various Dating methods”, – said paleoanthropology Amelie Vialle edition of L’express. Continue reading