Hebron is one of oldest cities in the world and one of the four Jewish Holy cities along with Jerusalem, Tiberias and Tzfat. A city that has become a religious Shrine of three religions, is subject to constant tensions between Arabs and Jews. In addition to biblical attractions, Hebron is attractive for its glass-blowing industry, grapes, figs and olives that grows abundantly in the vicinity of the city.
Hebron is one of the oldest cities in the region, associated with the names of the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and king David. In the Bible, Hebron is also called Mamre and Kiryat Arba. According to the old Testament Abraham bought the cave of Machpelah for 400 shekels of silver at jetanin of Ephron to bury Sarah. In the same cave were later buried Abraham and Jacob and Isaac with their wives. There is a version that in the same cave are buried the remains of the first people on earth – Adam and eve.
Prior to the taking of Jerusalem. for seven years, Hebron was the capital of David’s Kingdom. During the Jewish war, the Romans captured the city and renamed it Abramius. Replaced the Romans came the Byzantines, then the crusaders, Mamluks, and Ottomans. During the six day war, Israeli forces took the city without meeting much resistance. Today live here, mainly Jews from English-speaking countries. Continue reading
Archaeologists of the University found in Ecuador, traces of a culture older than 5.5 thousand years
Archaeological expedition of the far Eastern Federal University returned from the coast of Ecuador with a number of unique finds South American culture “Valdivia” age 5.5 to 4 thousand years and earlier period the “San Pedro”. A comprehensive study of the historical monument at real Alto in the framework of the international grant of the Scientific Fund of the FEFU, a group of scientists leads the third year. The main goal is to compare the human adaptation to changes in the environment on opposite sides of the Pacific ocean — the coast of South America and of modern Primorye.
The expedition included staff Training and research Museum and School of Humanities FEFU, as well as scientists of the far Eastern branch of Russian Academy of Sciences and their colleagues from academic institutions in Moscow and Novosibirsk archeologists, historians, specialists in ancient civilizations, paleontology, Geophysics. The expedition was headed by the Director of Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov. He said that as a result of over excavation on the Peninsula of Santa Elena were found the earliest layers of culture “Valdivia” age 5.5 to 4 thousand years. This culture of the American continent and became the object of attention of Russian scientists who carried out a comparative analysis with simultaneous baymanskaya culture of the Pacific coast of Russia. Continue reading
Husin Fayaz Sharipovich — the doctor of historical Sciences, Professor head of the Department of history of Tatarstan TGTU Gaisanov Ilgizar ravilyevich — candidate of historical Sciences, senior researcher of the National centre of archaeological research of the Institute of history. Sh. Mardzhani of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan Airat Kamalov Lenartowicz — lecturer of the Department of history of state and law of Russia, foreign countries and international law of Kazan juridical Institute of the MIA of Russia
Ancient Suvar . archaeological research and findings / authors-compilers A. A. Khaidarov, and others; ed. by G. A. mukhamadieva. — Kazan: KJUI the Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia, 2009. 207.
The authors consider the stages of creation Shuvarskogo Museum-reserve and its current state, the content of the sources devoted to the study of Suvar, and also provide a description of the most significant finds made on the studied settlement. The book contains lots of illustrations. The manual is intended for specialists studying the history and culture of Volga Bulgaria, as well as for a wide range of readers. Continue reading