The word “archaeology” of Greek origin, like the origin of the names of many other Sciences (history, geography, Geology). It consists of two words – arhayos (ancient) and -logos (word, story). Leaves – the story of ancient times. For a long time archeology and understand the science of antiquity, that which is not available written history.
Archaeologists dig up remains of ancient cities, villages, graves, find ancient things, the traces of rites of burial, evidence of unit of defensive walls of the ancient city, clay and metal utensils, weapons, works of art. Them they judge how and what people lived in the past. Thus, archaeology helps RNATI about the past of mankind. Who we are, why live? This is also the questions of archaeology.
The value found by archaeologists of the subject is determined not by the material from which it is made, and the historical information that this item contains. Clay pot with ancient writing or a piece of tanned animal skin with unknown ancient inscriptions much more valuable to science than was found an ingot of precious metal. Yeah, he’s too valuable, but that value is different, far from a science. Ingot us a little that can tell about the past, and therefore both historical and archaeological value, he has not.
Broken pottery, fragments of craft tools long interested archaeologists. What in them interesting? Whether it is the Golden bowl! Attitude towards archaeology is gradually beginning to change from the eighteenth century and especially with HGH B. Archaeologists have learned that often simple, plain items like pots moulded carry historical information. Should only be able to get it. Archaeology gradually ceased to be kladoiskatelskih science. Continue reading
1. Athens (Greece) date of establishment: 4 — 5 thousand BC the birthplace of classical Greece and Western civilization, Athens is saturated with sights and monuments reminding the visitors about the town’s past. People lived here already in 11-7 BC however, the first written records date back to 1400 B. C. among the most popular attractions are the Acropolis with its marble temples dedicated to the goddess of Athens. Roman ruins of the city are also one of tourist attractions like old Royal Palace in Syntagma square, and many historic lanes, shops and restaurants.
2. Argos (Greece) date of establishment: 5000 BC Due to its favourable geographic location on the fertile plain, the city is mostly agriculture so far. However Argos is also a popular destination for tourists who love history, who come for the sake of studying a large number of ancient monuments. The most famous landmark of Argos — the temple of Hera.
3. Plovdiv (Bulgaria) date of establishment: 3-4 Millennium BC The earliest evidence of settlement in the area date back to 6 thousand BC Today Plovdiv is the second largest city of Bulgaria. Situated on a large plain between two mountain ranges, the city hides traces of its long history. The Romans as well as Ottoman Empire once ruled the city, leaving Sabanagrande architectural wonders, including the great mosque in the center of Plovdiv. Roman amphitheatre found in the heart of the city only in the 1970-ies, and to this day the monument is a must for any visitor. Continue reading
Allsky burial ground was opened in 2013 by archaeologist V. N. Karmanov. This find is dated V-VI centuries BC — the time from Siberia, through the Urals still came waves of Great migration of peoples. In the first two graves initially studied by archaeologists, were found the remains of a young man of 16 years and a man who was about 60 at that time he was a real man. Despite the fact that one of these burials were partially destroyed in ancient times, scientists have discovered things here — an iron knife, a bronze buckle for shoes, etc. This gave an opportunity to attribute the burial to karinskoe archaeological culture. This culture archaeologists refer to V-VI centuries ad Burial was made in the mounds, which are up to thirteen bodies. Mounds garinskoe culture is always rich items, though — or perhaps for this reason — these tombs are often robbed and robbed until now. In the grave was laid, not only swords, daggers, spears, beads from stekli amber and more.
These findings can be seen how heterogeneous were mixed and then the population of the Urals. In carinskih mounds are found Persian coins and weapons of Sarmatian warriors.
Allsky excavating the burial site, archaeologists also found graves — the exact number of graves yet to be determined, as they were badly damaged, and things are mixed.
So far it is clear that found a precious material — ceramics, the remains of silver and bronze ornaments, fragments of clothes. In one of the burials lay three men in leather shoes with bronze buckles. Belt were leather pouches with jewelry and knives of iron in bronze scabbard – obviously, they were ritual objects that were to go with deceased to the afterlife. In another burial, the burial place of a woman in a fur hat and fur bag, Continue reading