On a dig in Ecuador, archaeologists have found traces of cultures older than 5.5 thousand years. The work was carried out on the territory of the historical monument Rial Alta expedition, which included scientists from academic institutes in Moscow and Novosibirsk and the far Eastern Federal University (FEFU).
According to the press service of the far Eastern Federal University, scientists have discovered traces of one of the most ancient South American cultures “Valdivia” — age of 5.5 to 4 thousand years and even earlier cultures of South America from the period of “San Pedro”.
Scientists have found many artifacts, among them the remains of pottery and tools, shells of shellfish and animal bones and clay figurines, which, presumably, represented the spirits of ancestors and sahraniville together with the deceased. Managed to find two burials, which suggests that the scientists stumbled upon an ancient burial ground.
In the study, the researchers aim to establish a link between the ways of human adaptation to environmental changes in different parts of the globe, namely on the coast of South America and in Primorye. “We see that approximately at the same time people invented pottery, although in the far East it was used for a comprehensive ekspluatatsionnika resources, and in South America — largely for the cultivation of maize (corn)”, — said the Director of Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov. Continue reading
Kurgan Sarmatians from the I century BC with the burial and expensive utensils found near Rostov-on-don, in Moscow, found a treasure of copper coins of the mid-seventeenth century. In Bashkiria excavated funerary complex, whose age is 2.5 thousand years. This is just a partial list of recent finds of Russian archaeologists – their unique gift for the professional holiday – the Day of the archaeologist, celebrated on 15 August.
Russian archaeology as a science begins in the middle of the XIX century, when count Uvarov conducted the first excavations in the South of Russia. In Soviet times, Russian archaeology has occupied a worthy place in the world, having a serious scientific school and outstanding scientists. Modern Russian scientists continue the traditions established by their teachers half a century ago.
The worst time for archaeology can be considered “missed the 1990s”, said in an interview with overanalize.the Russian Federation chief editor of “Elbrus”, member of the Board of the writers ‘ Union of Kabardino-Balkaria, the authorized representative of the President of Russia Viktor Kotlyarov. “Then archeology in General almost nobody did. Many of the monuments came in horrible condition, with us in Kabardino-Balkaria – says Victor Kotlyarov. – But now I have hope to face the future with optimism. We began to pay attention to the lore, part of which is essentially archaeology. Let’s hope that our local history organizations will be widelyaccidently… the Lore is a synonym of Kralupy. And this attitude to their Homeland, which then develops to the Motherland”.
Archaeology is “absolutely a special place” in his life, the Director of the Museum-reserve “Kulikovo field”, a Trustee of Russian President Vladimir Gritsenko. “It is an archaeological expedition, in which I participated, as a schoolboy, determined, it is possible to tell, all of my life,” he said in an interview with overanalize.of the Russian Federation. Continue reading
Historical and archaeological Museum of the state budgetary institution of the Republic of Kazakhstan
The history of the Kerch Museum of antiquities began with the personal collection of the Field of Dobruca (1774 – 1835) — the founder of the Kerch archaeological, founded in 1810, 2 (14 new style), June 1826, the Museum was officially established and was located in the house of P. Dubrock until 1833. The first Director of the Museum was I. P. Blaramberh. Since the creation of the Kerch Museum of antiquities the main direction of his activity was the study and preservation of ancient monuments, was found at Kerch and Taman peninsulas, i.e. on the territory of the ancient Bosporus Kingdom. Significant to the development of archaeological work in Kerch contributed to the rich excavations of the Kul-Oba in the fall of 1830. Some time the Museum was located in the premises of the city guardhouse, and in 1835 on the mount mithridat was built the Museum building in the style of the Athenian temple of hephaestion. With the arrival in 1853 to the post of Director of the Museum Alexander lyutsenko was the beginning of a scientific approach to excavations.
One of the most productive periods of the Museum’s activity was the period from 1891 to 1918 Director of the K. E. Dumberg first conducted a systematic excavation of the ancient settlement Panticapaeum. His successor V. V. Shkorpil, a well-known epigraphist and an archaeologist, Continue reading