On a dig in Ecuador, archaeologists have found traces of cultures older than 5.5 thousand years. The work was carried out on the territory of the historical monument Rial Alta expedition, which included scientists from academic institutes in Moscow and Novosibirsk and the far Eastern Federal University (FEFU).
According to the press service of the far Eastern Federal University, scientists have discovered traces of one of the most ancient South American cultures “Valdivia” — age of 5.5 to 4 thousand years and even earlier cultures of South America from the period of “San Pedro”.
Scientists have found many artifacts, among them the remains of pottery and tools, shells of shellfish and animal bones and clay figurines, which, presumably, represented the spirits of ancestors and sahraniville together with the deceased. Managed to find two burials, which suggests that the scientists stumbled upon an ancient burial ground.
In the study, the researchers aim to establish a link between the ways of human adaptation to environmental changes in different parts of the globe, namely on the coast of South America and in Primorye. “We see that approximately at the same time people invented pottery, although in the far East it was used for a comprehensive ekspluatatsionnika resources, and in South America — largely for the cultivation of maize (corn)”, — said the Director of Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov. Continue reading
The authors of this paper has brought together one of the most interesting and unsolved problems of archaeology of pre-Columbian America – the determination of the time and place of the appearance of pottery in the South American continent. According to the bold hypothesis, pottery first appeared on the coast of Ecuador in the early agricultural culture of Valdivia about 5 thousand years ago, and this event was associated with transoceanic sailing media culture of the Jomon Japanese archipelago. Most archaeologists believe that the origins of valdivielso pottery should be sought in the continent
Search of early cultures on the coast of Ecuador are associated with the name of the Amateur archeologist and businessman E. Estrada Icaza and a couple of American archaeologists meggers B., and K. Evans of the Smithsonian Institute. A momentous event happened in 1956 when archaeological expedition discovered in the small fishing village of Valdivia multilayer archaeological monument of the unknown pottery. The age of the Valdivia culture, defined by radiocarbon Dating, was 4.5—4.0 thousand that gave reason to believe that we are talking about the oldest pottery not only in Ecuador but throughout South America. Based on the characteristic features Valdivieso ceramics,Estrada was nominated unexpected version that caused a lot of fierce dispute: origins unknown Ecuadorian culture – the Japanese archipelago, the Jomon culture! Continue reading
Archaeologists led by Arturo Gonzalez (Arturo González), the Director of the desert Museum in Saltillo (Museo del Desierto), Mexico, is lifted from the bottom of the Caribbean sea the skeleton women ages 13 600 years, reports National Geographic. This finding, dubbed the “eve of Naharon” (Eva de Naharon), was first discovered four years ago in a deep cave near the coast of Cancun (Cancún). Together with it there were skulls and bones of three people who lived on the territory of modern Mexico long before the first settlements in Egypt.
“We don’t know where they came from these people: whether they arrived from the depths of the continent, from the jungles, or sailed from the Atlantic”, – said the head of research. “But we believe that these findings – the oldest in the Americas. They will certainly change our understanding of how migrated ancient people”.
According to the generally accepted version, the colonization of the American continents occurred 11-14 thousand years ago, when the ice of the Bering Strait to North America came the tribes from Siberia. However “eve of Naharon” might disprove this theory, because its age exceeds the age of the remains found in Asia and North America at the time of the proposed resettlement. In addition, the shape of the skulls found, according to archaeologists,closer to Asian than North Asian type. Continue reading