The word “archaeology” of Greek origin, like the origin of the names of many other Sciences (history, geography, Geology). It consists of two words – arhayos (ancient) and -logos (word, story). Leaves – the story of ancient times. For a long time archeology and understand the science of antiquity, that which is not available written history.
Archaeologists dig up remains of ancient cities, villages, graves, find ancient things, the traces of rites of burial, evidence of unit of defensive walls of the ancient city, clay and metal utensils, weapons, works of art. Them they judge how and what people lived in the past. Thus, archaeology helps RNATI about the past of mankind. Who we are, why live? This is also the questions of archaeology.
The value found by archaeologists of the subject is determined not by the material from which it is made, and the historical information that this item contains. Clay pot with ancient writing or a piece of tanned animal skin with unknown ancient inscriptions much more valuable to science than was found an ingot of precious metal. Yeah, he’s too valuable, but that value is different, far from a science. Ingot us a little that can tell about the past, and therefore both historical and archaeological value, he has not.
Broken pottery, fragments of craft tools long interested archaeologists. What in them interesting? Whether it is the Golden bowl! Attitude towards archaeology is gradually beginning to change from the eighteenth century and especially with HGH B. Archaeologists have learned that often simple, plain items like pots moulded carry historical information. Should only be able to get it. Archaeology gradually ceased to be kladoiskatelskih science. Continue reading
1. Athens (Greece) date of establishment: 4 — 5 thousand BC the birthplace of classical Greece and Western civilization, Athens is saturated with sights and monuments reminding the visitors about the town’s past. People lived here already in 11-7 BC however, the first written records date back to 1400 B. C. among the most popular attractions are the Acropolis with its marble temples dedicated to the goddess of Athens. Roman ruins of the city are also one of tourist attractions like old Royal Palace in Syntagma square, and many historic lanes, shops and restaurants.
2. Argos (Greece) date of establishment: 5000 BC Due to its favourable geographic location on the fertile plain, the city is mostly agriculture so far. However Argos is also a popular destination for tourists who love history, who come for the sake of studying a large number of ancient monuments. The most famous landmark of Argos — the temple of Hera.
3. Plovdiv (Bulgaria) date of establishment: 3-4 Millennium BC The earliest evidence of settlement in the area date back to 6 thousand BC Today Plovdiv is the second largest city of Bulgaria. Situated on a large plain between two mountain ranges, the city hides traces of its long history. The Romans as well as Ottoman Empire once ruled the city, leaving Sabanagrande architectural wonders, including the great mosque in the center of Plovdiv. Roman amphitheatre found in the heart of the city only in the 1970-ies, and to this day the monument is a must for any visitor. Continue reading
“Black diggers” have plundered an archaeological site in Koloa transferred to newly established area
“Black diggers” looted the monument of Federal value – the settlement of Koloa (XIV-XVII centuries), located in area of Opochka Okrug. The destruction of the settlement, the archaeologists reported by local residents.
As reported Pskov news in the Archaeological center of the Pskov region, the activities of “black diggers” at the site of Kologo not like the usual “zakouski” from metal detectors. The survey of the settlement recorded large-scale destruction of archaeological monument on the area of 70 sq. m. the Robbers invaded the cultural layer to a depth of 1.5 meters. Counted about a dozen of predatory boreholes from 1.5 to 2 meters of trenches 3 to 6 feet. Parts that are directly attributable to the construction of the XV-XVI centuries. Dumps the burnt remains of wooden structures, boulder grounds kilns, medieval ceramics.
“The monument of archaeology is irreparably damaged: destroyed site of the stronghold with the most powerful and informative layers. From the cultural layer removed all the discoveries that have commercial value, destroyed the medieval buildings, disturbed stratigraphy,” say the archaeologists. Continue reading