The word “archaeology” of Greek origin, like the origin of the names of many other Sciences (history, geography, Geology). It consists of two words – arhayos (ancient) and -logos (word, story). Leaves – the story of ancient times. For a long time archeology and understand the science of antiquity, that which is not available written history.
Archaeologists dig up remains of ancient cities, villages, graves, find ancient things, the traces of rites of burial, evidence of unit of defensive walls of the ancient city, clay and metal utensils, weapons, works of art. Them they judge how and what people lived in the past. Thus, archaeology helps RNATI about the past of mankind. Who we are, why live? This is also the questions of archaeology.
The value found by archaeologists of the subject is determined not by the material from which it is made, and the historical information that this item contains. Clay pot with ancient writing or a piece of tanned animal skin with unknown ancient inscriptions much more valuable to science than was found an ingot of precious metal. Yeah, he’s too valuable, but that value is different, far from a science. Ingot us a little that can tell about the past, and therefore both historical and archaeological value, he has not.
Broken pottery, fragments of craft tools long interested archaeologists. What in them interesting? Whether it is the Golden bowl! Attitude towards archaeology is gradually beginning to change from the eighteenth century and especially with HGH B. Archaeologists have learned that often simple, plain items like pots moulded carry historical information. Should only be able to get it. Archaeology gradually ceased to be kladoiskatelskih science. Continue reading
On a dig in Ecuador, archaeologists have found traces of cultures older than 5.5 thousand years. The work was carried out on the territory of the historical monument Rial Alta expedition, which included scientists from academic institutes in Moscow and Novosibirsk and the far Eastern Federal University (FEFU).
According to the press service of the far Eastern Federal University, scientists have discovered traces of one of the most ancient South American cultures “Valdivia” — age of 5.5 to 4 thousand years and even earlier cultures of South America from the period of “San Pedro”.
Scientists have found many artifacts, among them the remains of pottery and tools, shells of shellfish and animal bones and clay figurines, which, presumably, represented the spirits of ancestors and sahraniville together with the deceased. Managed to find two burials, which suggests that the scientists stumbled upon an ancient burial ground.
In the study, the researchers aim to establish a link between the ways of human adaptation to environmental changes in different parts of the globe, namely on the coast of South America and in Primorye. “We see that approximately at the same time people invented pottery, although in the far East it was used for a comprehensive ekspluatatsionnika resources, and in South America — largely for the cultivation of maize (corn)”, — said the Director of Educational-scientific Museum of FEFU Alexander Popov. Continue reading
According to law, construction work was suspended and the study of the territory began archaeologists. In the study area they have identified and studied the graves of the early middle ages, finding gold jewelry.
TBILISI, Aug 4 – news-Georgia . Unique archaeological finds were discovered on Pikris mountain in the town of Mtskheta (ancient capital of Georgia, located near Tbilisi) during construction works on private land on the territory of old graves, according to the Ministry of culture and monument protection of Georgia on Monday 4 August.
According to law, construction work was suspended and the study of the territory began, the archaeologists who work on the mountain Picris from late July – when a grave was discovered. In the study area they have identified and studied the graves of the early middle ages, among them five types of burial grounds, – stated in the message.
“In the places of burials were found Golden rings, hooks for clothes and a gold coin of the Byzantine Emperor Constantine VIII (1025-1028.), which confirms that the residents of Mtskheta were buried in the burial grounds of the mountain Picris not only in IV-VI, but in the middle ages”, it oficialnaya office.
In addition to coins and gold jewelry, were also found other items – buckles, brooches, vessels for storage of spices, and made of different materials rings and beads. Continue reading
The method of disposal men could indicate that he was a man with a different sexual orientation or a transvestite.
Scientists have found the remains of ancient man, which can belong to one of the first representatives of non-traditional sexual orientation, writes the Daily mail.
Such thoughts prompted scientists unusual for men of the stone age method of burial. Excavations were conducted in the Czech Republic and date back to the age of about 5 thousand years.
The skeleton of a man who lived in the late stone age refers to the period between 2900 and 2500 years BC, the Experts note that during this period men were traditionally buried on their right side head towards the West, women, on the contrary – on the left side, facing East.
Besides men, as a rule, were buried with weapons and hammers, and with a certain amount of food and water needed during the transition to the other world. In the grave of women usually put necklaces, Pets, copper earrings, and various household utensils.
In this case, the person was buried in an uncharacteristic left side, facing West face. Experts also alarming and the fact that the remains were found suicidecommando home pitchers, but not a weapon. However, archaeologists did not think it could be a mistake, given the importance, inherent in the burial at that period. In addition, the legs of the skeleton were found typical for female graves with oval jugs. Continue reading
1. Athens (Greece) date of establishment: 4 — 5 thousand BC the birthplace of classical Greece and Western civilization, Athens is saturated with sights and monuments reminding the visitors about the town’s past. People lived here already in 11-7 BC however, the first written records date back to 1400 B. C. among the most popular attractions are the Acropolis with its marble temples dedicated to the goddess of Athens. Roman ruins of the city are also one of tourist attractions like old Royal Palace in Syntagma square, and many historic lanes, shops and restaurants.
2. Argos (Greece) date of establishment: 5000 BC Due to its favourable geographic location on the fertile plain, the city is mostly agriculture so far. However Argos is also a popular destination for tourists who love history, who come for the sake of studying a large number of ancient monuments. The most famous landmark of Argos — the temple of Hera.
3. Plovdiv (Bulgaria) date of establishment: 3-4 Millennium BC The earliest evidence of settlement in the area date back to 6 thousand BC Today Plovdiv is the second largest city of Bulgaria. Situated on a large plain between two mountain ranges, the city hides traces of its long history. The Romans as well as Ottoman Empire once ruled the city, leaving Sabanagrande architectural wonders, including the great mosque in the center of Plovdiv. Roman amphitheatre found in the heart of the city only in the 1970-ies, and to this day the monument is a must for any visitor. Continue reading